April

FIFTEEN MINUTES A DAY

APRIL READING GUIDE

(Please proceed to the “Harvard Classics” under the section “Categories” on a daily basis)

APRIL
. . . proud-pied April, dress’d in all his trim,
Hath put a spirit of youth in everything,
That heavy Saturn laughed and leaped with him.
SHAKESPEARE (Vol. 40, p. 278)

1. “Oh! to Be in England Now That April’s There”
Everyone knows the pangs of homesickness in the spring. Even
bright, sparkling Italy could not wean Browning’s affection from
the green hedgerows of misty England.
Read: BROWNING’S POEMS Vol. 42, pp. 1068-1074

2. A Spoon Dances in the Moonlight
A huge spoon dressed in human finery, placed on a grave, appears
to become convulsed when the moon’s rays fall on it and
dances to the tune of chanting natives. Weird sights, according
to Darwin, abound in the South Seas.
Read from Darwin’s VOYAGE OF THE BEAGLE Vol. 29, pp. 462-471

3. Romance with a Happy Ending
” A s a conqueror enters a surprised city; love made such resolutions
as neither party was able to resist. She changed her name
into Herbert the third day after this first interview.”
(George Herbert born April 3, 1593.)
Read from Walton’s LIFE OF GEORGE HERBERT .Vol. 15, pp. 392-404

4. The Mistakes of a Night
Genial and rollicking fun are provided in this highly entertaining
story of a man who mistakes a private house for an inn,
and who treats his host’s daughter like a serving maid.
(Oliver Goldsmith born April 4, 1774.)
Read from SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER Vol. 18, pp. 205-215

5. You and Your Dreams
Dreams and their causes interested Hobbes. Without superstition,
the philosopher weighed the evidence of ghosts, goblins,
and witches.
(Hobbes born April 5, 1588.)
Read from Hobbes’ LEVIATHAN Vol. 34, pp. 313-322

6. Who Is Bad?
Badness has many interpretations, a different definition has been
the dictate of each new generation. The solution of the eternal
riddle was earnesdy sought by Marcus Aurelius.
(Marcus Aurelius born April 6, 121 A. D.)
Read: MARCUS AURELIUS’ MEDITATIONS Vol. 2, pp. 243-253

7. Nature Guided His Pen
Wordsworth was so closely in touch with Nature that the simple
beauty of flowers, woods, and fields is reflected in his poems as
if Nature herself took up the pen and wrote.
(Wordsworth born April 7, 1770.)
Read: WORDSWORTH’S POEMS Vol. 41, pp. 639-651

8. Beware the Vengeful Hounds!
Orestes, holding an avenging sword over his mother, is told:
“Beware thy mother’s vengeful hounds.” How he pays for disregarding
his mother’s warning is told in this drama where a
mother is slain to avenge a father’s ghost.
Read from jEschylus’ THE LIBATION BEARERS Vol. 8, pp. m-121

9. A Perfect Land in a Wilderness of Waters
West of Peru there was reported to be a land where T r u t h and
Science were used to promote the happiness and freedom of man.
Here is Bacon’s description of this ideal commonwealth.
(Francis Bacon died April 9, 1629.)
Read from Bacon’s NEW ATLANTIS Vol. 3, pp. 145-155

10. Americans—by Will of t h e King
Before English adventurers could attempt settlement in America
it was necessary first to get permission from the K i n g . T he
charter of K i n g James to the oldest American colony is an extremely
important historical document.
(King lames grants charter to Virginia, April 10, 1606.)
Read: FIRST CHARTER OF VIRGINIA Vol. 43, pp. 49-58

11. Danger in Being Young and Fair
The virgin beauty of Margaret enchanted Faust, who dazzled
her with the brilliance of many gems. Margaret innocently took
his gifts, believing that beauty should not “blush unseen”—but
unmindful of consequences to follow.
Read from Goethe’s FAUST Vol. 19, pp. 115-131

12. The Perfect Argument
You would doubdess like to know how to hold your own in any
argument. Read what Leslie Stephen declares the finest specimen
in our language of the conduct of argument.
Read from Berkeley’s THREE DIALOGUES Vol. 37, pp. 230-240

13. Michelangelo His Boon Companion
Kings, emperors, the greatest artists and sculptors of the Renaissance
at its most magnificent period, walk through the pages of
his autobiography—not as cold, austere, historical character,
but as the intimate friends of Cellini.
Read from CELLINI’S AUTOBIOGRAPHY Vol. 31, pp. 23-35

14. A Raid on Spanish Treasure in America
Spanish towns in the N e w W o r l d were rich in treasure and tempting
booty for English soldiers of fortune, who were venturesome
and merciless. “Ho! for the Spanish Main!” was the rallying
cry for all freebooters and buccaneers.
Read from Biggs’ DRAKE’S GREAT ARMADA Vol. 33, pp. 229-242

15. O Captain! My Captain!
{Lincoln died April 15, 1865.)
The rugged, genuine Lincoln was idealized by Walt Whitman—
the founder of the new school of American poetry. Two of
Whitman’s finest poems were inspired by Lincoln.
Read: WHITMAN’S POEMS Vol. 42, pp. 1412-1420

16. Inside the Gates of Hell
The city of Dis, with in the gates of Hell, was guarded by monsters
and surrounded by a moat filled with the tormented. Dante,
protected by Virgil, entered the forbidden city, and viewed
sights never before seen by living man.
(Dante urges attack, on the city of Florence, April 16, 1311.)
Read from Dante’s DIVINE COMEDY Vol. 20, pp. 32-39

17. Benjamin Franklin—Book Salesman
In 1731 there were not many books in America. Franklin saw
the need for more books and by house-to-house canvassing persuaded
Philadelphians to aid h im in founding a public library
which to-day stands as a lasting memorial to Franklin.
(Benjamin Franklin died April 17, 1790.)
Read from FRANKLIN’S AUTOBIOGRAPHY Vol. 1, pp. 66-77

18. Ready for Adventures and Conquests
Reading too many romances of knights and valorous deeds caused
a poor Spanish gentleman to polish up his great-grandfather’s
armor, rechristen his old nag, and sally forth. “Don Quixote,”
besides holding a secure niche in literature as the work that
quashed the romantic school of knight-errantry, is at the same
time one of the most widely-read stories in the world.
(Cervantes receives the last sacraments April 18, 1616.)
Read from Cervantes’ DON QUIXOTE Vol. 14, pp. 17-28

19. Battle of Concord
(Fought April 19, 1775.)
Dr. Eliot says of the opening stanza of the “Concord Hymn”:
“In twenty-eight words here are the whole scene and all the
essential circumstances . . . what an accurate, moving, immortal
description is this!”
Read: Emerson’s CONCORD HYMN Vol. 42, pp. 1245-1246

20. Byron Gave His Life for Freedom
England’s romantic poet died while fighting against the Turks on
the side of the Greeks. His poems, ” The Isles of Greece” and
” The Prisoner of Chillon,” proclaim freedom.
(At Missolonghi, Greece, 37 guns honor Byron, April 20, 1824.)
Read: BYRON’S POEMS Vol. 41, pp. 801-815

21. Books as Windows to the Past
Through the pages of a book the reader sees the life of past days.
Carnivals, processions, battles, coronations, voyages—the whole
history of the world and its people is revealed in a stupendous
pageant. Taine was a Frenchman who wrote an unsurpassed
history of English literature; its introduction reveals the unusual
combination of an imaginative and an analytical style.
(H. A. Taine born April 21, 1828.)
Read from INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH LITERATURE. .. .Vol. 39, pp. 410-418

22. Happiness as a Duty
Immanuel Kant, the most influential of German philosophers,
taught that it was man’s duty to be happy, for an unhappy man
is tempted to sin. Seekers after happiness find aid and inspiration
in Kant’s writings.
(Immanuel Kant born April 22, 1724.)
Read from FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF MORALS. .. .Vol. 32, pp. 310-317

23. “If You Have Poison for Me, I Will Drink It”
Shaken and disillusioned by the treachery of his elder daughter,
K i n g Lear suspected even the faithful Cordelia of evil designs.
Her most tender efforts to comfort him failed to drive away the
insistent specter of his madness.
(Shakespeare died April 23, 1616.)
Read from Shakespeare’s KING LEAR Vol. 46, pp. 293-303

24. Nineteen Million Elephants
At the rate at which elephants naturally increase, Darwin estimated
that in 750 years there could be nearly 19,000,000 elephants.
But did Darwin consider the ravages of civilization and circuses?
Read from Darwin’s ORIGIN OF SPECIES Vol. 11, pp. 74-86

25. Mighty Rome Feared These Men
Men who danced among sharp swords—who gambled with their
lives—who took their women to the battlefields to encourage the
brave and shame the cowardly—these were the primitive Germans
who made Roman emperors tremble.
Read from Tacitus’ ON GERMANY Vol. 33, pp. 106-120

26. Do Miracles Still Happen
Just what constitutes a miracle? Does Science indorse miracles?
One wonders why such marvelous things do not happen often
nowadays. Hume tells why.
(David Hume born April 26, 1711.)
Read from Hume ON MIRACLES Vol. 37, pp. 375-385

27. He Dared to See Forbidden Beauty
The Puritan world feared Beauty. Emerson, great American
essayist and philosopher, declared that the world was made for
beauty, and openly worshiped at beauty’s shrine.
(Emerson died April 27, 1882.)
Read: Emerson’s BEAUTY Vol. 5, pp. 297-310

28. “Vanity of Vanities,” Saith the Preacher
Three hundred years before Christ, a preacher in Jerusalem complained
that there was no new thing under the sun. Everything
considered new had really existed in the time of the fathers.
Sophisticated and modern is this writer of 2,300 years ago.
Read from THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES Vol. 44, pp. 335-341

29. How I Got Rich — by Sindbad the Sailor
Sindbad, a poor man, recited woeful verses before the magnificent
dwelling of Sindbad of the Sea. T h e great Sindbad, hearing him,
invited the poor Sindbad to a feast and told the wonderful story
of his fabulous fortune.
Read from THE THOUSAND AND ONE NIGHTS Vol. 16, pp. 231-242

30. Washington’s Dictum on Private Life
Washington declared that the strength of the n ew nation lay in
the “pure and immutable principles of private morality.” A free
government, fortified by the virtues and affection of its citizens,
can command the respect of the world.
(Washington inaugurated April _jo, 1789.)
Read: Washington’s FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS Vol. 43, pp. 225-228

“No testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle,” wrote Hume, thus
arousing bitter animosity in orthodox circles. Hume’s searching
treatment of miracles will stimulate to deeper thought upon this
controversial subject, {See Reading Assignment for April 26th.)

THE SWEETEST PATH OF LIFE LEADS THROUGH THE
AVENUES OF SCIENCE AND LEARNING.—HUME.

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