Evangelicals Question The Existence Of Adam And Eve

Barbara Bradley Hagerty

An engraving depicting Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, by Albrecht Durer, 15th century. Hulton Archive/Getty Images

An engraving depicting Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, by Albrecht Durer, 15th century.

Let’s go back to the beginning — all the way to Adam and Eve, and to the question: Did they exist, and did all of humanity descend from that single pair?

According to the Bible (Genesis 2:7), this is how humanity began: "The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." God then called the man Adam, and later created Eve from Adam’s rib.

Polls by Gallup and the Pew Research Center find that four out of 10 Americans believe this account. It’s a central tenet for much of conservative Christianity, from evangelicals to confessional churches such as the Christian Reformed Church.

But now some conservative scholars are saying publicly that they can no longer believe the Genesis account. Asked how likely it is that we all descended from Adam and Eve, Dennis Venema, a biologist at Trinity Western University, replies: "That would be against all the genomic evidence that we’ve assembled over the last 20 years, so not likely at all."

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