Weapons to Malfunction!

By Elena Chernenko, Alexander Gabuev
Whose hackers pose a threat to the world?
Translated By Natalia Dresner

Edited by Gheanna Emelia

Russia – Kommersant – Original Article (Russian)
Whose hackers pose a threat to the world?
The leading world powers are convinced that a large-scale clash in cyberspace is inevitable. The U.S. has been getting ready for cyber warfare since last year. NATO will adopt a strategy to repel a cyber-attack this year. According to some opinions in Russia, an international treaty on cyber-weapon use prohibition would help to avoid a disaster. Nevertheless, the negotiations about its conclusion are rather slow. But the arms race in cyberspace is accelerating rapidly.
In the opinion of American apologetics of the inevitability of inter-state clash in cyberspace, a scenario of the cyber-weapons usage may look the following way: management system paralysis, mass blackouts, air and on-land transport control systems’ chaos, banks and stock-markets’ disruption, tripping of the Internet and mobile connection. Charles Miller, a former leading specialist on cyber protection at one of the most sensitive intelligence services of the U.S., the National Security Agency, has recently estimated that in order to be ready for an attack strong enough to have consequences like that, an aggressor-country would need about two years to prepare. The cost of preparation for an attack and a number of people involved are rather modest: $98 million and 592 people to attack the U.S., $112 million and 750 hackers to defeat the E.U., $86 million and 517 cyber-warriors to implement aggression against Russia.
The expert has made these estimations assuming the aggressor-country would be the DPRK but, according to his words, they are viable for other countries planning an electronic attack from scratch, too. The countries that already have cyber security divisions will devise an attack faster than others. Such militarized agencies already exist in the U.S., the United Kingdom, China, India, Israel and a number of other countries.

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